Christian D. Adshead

Alyson Norman

Mark Holloway


Purpose: Acquired Brain Injuries, caused by a range of illnesses and injuries, can lead to long-term difficulties for individuals; mental health problems, cognitive and executive impairment and psychosocial problems including relationship breakdown, substance abuse and potentially homelessness. The study aimed to seek and gain a more definitive understanding of the inter-relationship of Acquired Brain Injury, substance abuse and homelessness by identifying key themes associated with the inter-relationship between these variables. Materials and methods: The study recruited eight participants through homeless organisations and treatment centres. Participants were screened for suitability (Brain Injury Screening Index; Drug Abuse Screening Tool; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and then participated in recorded semi-structured interviews, transcribed and analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.Results: The study identified master themes: Adverse Childhood Experiences and Trauma; Mental Health;Cognitive Decline and Executive Function; Services; Relationships. Conclusion: Healthcare professionals
need to engage with children, their families, and adults, who have been exposed to adverse childhood experiences and should employ routine screening tools for brain injury to ensure their presence is factored into developing appropriate models of intervention.